Traceable Species

Snow Crab


Queen Crab, Spider Crab, Kani (sushi)

Snow Crab

Snow crab, also known as queen crab, are found in the North Atlantic and North Pacific, preferring deep, cold-water conditions.  Although found in snowy ocean environments, they get their name from the snow-white colour of their meat. As their name suggests, they are closely related to the larger king crab.

Snow crab usually have a brown to light red protective shell and a yellow or white abdomen. They have five pairs of spider-like legs; four pairs of walking legs and one pair of claws. Their eyes are green or greenish blue. Snow crab are prized for their sweet, delicate flavour. 

Snow Crab

Female snow crabs hatch their larvae in the spring when there is plenty of food in the water column, where the larvae live and feed on plankton. They will grow through three larval stages before becoming megalops, which look like miniature crabs with long tails. Megalops settle to the ocean floor, molt, and metamorphose into the first crab stage. From this point forward they look like tiny versions of the adult crabs, and will live on the ocean floor for the remainder of their lives. Snow crabs grow by regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They are very vulnerable during this molting period until their new shell hardens. When they have reached sexual maturity they have a final, terminal molt, after which they never molt again. They can live for up to 20 years.

Food Info Snow Crab


TASTING NOTES

  • Colour: from red to snowy white when cooked
  • Texture: more fibrous than king crab, yet still tender
  • Flavour: sweet, mild and subtle
  • Perfect serve: Snow crab usually arrives at retailers cooked and frozen, so thaw crab overnight in the fridge. While there are many delicious serving options, many would agree the best method is to steam and serve with melted butter.  
HOW TO CHOOSE A QUALITY SNOW CRAB
Species Range
Snow Crab range Source: Fishbase.org
COMMON NAMES
Queen Crab
Spider Crab
Kani (sushi)
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Snow Crab by Trap (Quebec)>], 'gear': <Gear: Snow Crab Trap>}

Snow Crab Trap

This fishery uses wire traps submerged on the seafloor to catch snow crab. Traps are attached to lines and marked by floats on the surface. The traps attract crab with bait and capture them live.

FISHERIES:

Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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