Traceable Species

Snook (Robalo)

Common Snook, Sergeant Fish, Robalo

Snook (Robalo)

Robalo is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from the coast of the North Carolina to Brazil. This species of snook requires an estuarine habitat to survive. An estuary is where the ocean and fresh water meet, like the mouth of a river at the sea. The Robalo is able to adapt to a wide range of salinities, and can be found in coastal wetland ponds, island networks, and creeks. 

The Robalo is a golden-yellow species of fish with a protruding lower jaw and sloping forehead. They have a very distinct black lateral line running across the body. These fish commonly range from 50-140 cm in length. This type of fish is commonly prepared by quickly roasting them in the oven, flavoring them with wine, oil, tomatoes, onions, and herbs. 

Snook (Robalo)

The Robalo is a hermaphroditic fish. It starts its life as a male and then changes its sex to become a female after it reaches maturity. The Robalo usually spawn between April and October, with the peak spawning occurring during the months of July and August. Spawning usually occurs near the shore in waters with high salinity. The juvenile Robalo will migrate to the less saline areas following spawning. They will then return to the higher salinity waters of the open ocean to join the breeding population once they reach maturity.

Food Info Snook (Robalo)


  • Color: white flesh
  • Texture: delicate and flakey
  • Flavor: rich 
  • Perfect serve: Robalo is delicious when baked, broiled, sautéed, or grilled.
    Species Range
    Snook (Robalo) range Source:
    Common Snook
    Sergeant Fish
    These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
    Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

    Fishing Methods

    {'fisheries': [<License: Brazilian Artisanal Snook Fishery>], 'gear': <Gear: Artisanal Snook Fishing>}

    Artisanal Snook Fishing

    A pesca em Reservas Extrativistas é feita de forma tradicional, que contribui para a conservação do meio ambiente, da cultura e tradição das populações locais. Entende-se a necessidade de outros meios de ordenamento, pois entendemos o grau de fragilidade do ecossistema. A espécie é capturada por pescadores artesanais e esportistas em todo Brasil, sendo que a pesca é uma atividade que envolve um grande contingente de pessoas numa mesma área, o que pode, consequentemente, elevar os níveis de esforços de pesca.


    Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

    Mangrove Crab Harvester

    Canavieiras, Brazil

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