Traceable Species

Pink Salmon


Humpback salmon, Humpies, Sake (sushi)

Pink Salmon

Pinks are the smallest and shortest-lived of the five Pacific salmon species. What they lack in longevity and size, however, they make up in numbers: pinks are the most abundant salmon species. They hatch in fresh water, spend part of their life feeding in the ocean and then “run” back to their natal rivers to spawn and die after only two years. They range from northern California around the Pacific Rim to Russia, Korea and Japan.

The most distinctive feature of a Pink is a hump on its back which grows more pronounced with age and which gives it its nickname “humpback” salmon, or simply “humpies.” Pinks have shiny silvery skin with a bluish back, very small scales and large, black spots on their tail. They have an average weight of only 4 pounds (2 kg). These salmon also get their name from their delicate pink fillets, the palest of the salmon species.

Pink Salmon

Pinks are unique in that they have a short, two-year lifespan. They are found in streams and rivers from California north to the Mackenzie River, with their principal spawning areas between Puget Sound, Washington, and Bristol Bay, Alaska. Pinks migrate to their home stream from July to October, and while some go a considerable distance upstream, the majority spawns close to the sea. Young Pink fry enter the ocean immediately after they emerge from the gravel in the spring. After a few days to several months in the estuary and near-shore zone, they move out into the open ocean in large schools. Despite their short life and small size, the migrations of Pink salmon are extensive, covering thousands of kilometres from their home streams. While feeding and maturing, Pinks are dispersed throughout the Pacific Ocean from northern California to the Bering Sea. During fall and winter, they spend more time in the southern parts of their range.

Food Info Pink Salmon


TASTING NOTES

  • Colour: a light rose pink, the palest of all salmon
  • Texture: softest and most delicate salmon with smaller flake size
  • Flavour: subtle flavour courtesy of the lower fat and oil content
  • Perfect serve: Traditionally, most Pink salmon are canned. However, its soft texture makes it perfect for flaking into a pasta dish tossed with olive oil, garlic, a squeeze of lemon and fresh arugula. 
HOW TO CHOOSE A QUALITY PINK SALMON
Species Range
Pink Salmon range Source: Fishbase.org
COMMON NAMES
Humpback salmon
Humpies
Sake (sushi)
Salmon Troll Area F - North Coast / Haida Gwaii Jun 09 - --
Salmon Troll Area G - West Coast Vancouver Island Apr 19 - --
Salmon Troll - T'aaq-wiihak Aboriginal Fishery Aug 01 - Aug 31
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon Seine Area A - North Coast / Haida Gwaii>, <License: Salmon Seine Area B - South Coast / Fraser River>], 'gear': <Gear: Salmon Purse Seine>}

Salmon Purse Seine

Seine fishermen encircle a large wall of netting around schools of salmon and pull the bottom of the netting closed, like a drawstring purse, to capture the fish.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon First Nations - Barkley Sound>, <License: Salmon Gillnet Area C - North Coast / Haida Gwaii>, <License: Salmon Gillnet Area D - Vancouver Island>, <License: Salmon Gillnet Area E - Fraser River / Georgia Strait>], 'gear': <Gear: Gill Net>}

Gill Net

This fishery uses curtains of netting suspended by a system of floats and weights to catch salmon. The fine netting is almost invisible so salmon unwittingly get caught in the mesh.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon Troll Area F - North Coast / Haida Gwaii>, <License: Salmon Troll Area G - West Coast Vancouver Island>, <License: Salmon Troll Area H - Inside Passage>], 'gear': <Gear: Hook and Line Troll>}

Hook and Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon by Beach Seine>], 'gear': <Gear: Beach Seine>}

Beach Seine

Fish harvesters encircle a large wall of netting around schools of salmon and pull the bottom of the netting closed, like a drawstring purse, to capture the fish.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon Troll - T'aaq-wiihak Aboriginal Fishery>], 'gear': <Gear: Aboriginal Hook & Line Troll>}

Aboriginal Hook & Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Souteast Alaska Pink Salmon by Purse Seine>], 'gear': <Gear: Purse Seine with skiff>}

Purse Seine with skiff

Fish harvesters encircle a large wall of netting around schools of fish and pull the bottom of the netting closed, like a drawstring purse, to capture the fish.

FISHERIES:

Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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