Traceable Species

Pacific Halibut

Alaska halibut, Hirame (sushi)

Pacific Halibut

Pacific halibut is the largest bottom-dwelling flatfish. Its blotchy olive and brownish colour disguises it when nestled into the sandy seafloor. Weighing up to 500 pounds (226 kg), halibut primarily live in the cold waters of the North Pacific and Bering Sea, migrating a great distance from shallow coastal waters to the deep sea to spawn each winter. They return to fertile coastal grounds to feed.

Pacific halibut are flat and diamond-shaped with a white underbelly and both eyes on its upper side. Males tend to be considerably smaller with a maximum weight of 125 pounds (56 kg). It is a firm-textured fish and has relatively few bones, making it a popular catch. Halibut cheeks are especially prized because of their sweet flavour.

Pacific Halibut

From November to March, mature halibut make their home along the edge of the continental shelf at depths of 600 to 1,500 feet (180 to 460 metres). Here females lay from 500,000 to 4 million eggs to be fertilized. As the eggs develop into larvae and grow, they drift slowly upward, travelling great distances with the ocean currents in a counter-clockwise direction around the Northeast Pacific. This free-floating stage usually lasts six months. The young fish eventually settle at the bottom in shallow feeding areas. After another two to three years in nursery areas, halibut migrate back to the deep sea. At about 10 years of age, females spawn on the same grounds where they were hatched. The fish live up to 40 years.

Food Info Pacific Halibut


  • Colour: very white
  • Texture: large flakes, a firm but tender texture and very lean
  • Flavour: fairly mild with a distinctive sweetness
  • Perfect serve: Its thick, succulent meat holds together perfectly when battered for traditional fish and chips, while its distinctive sweet flavour holds its own against the richness of this dish.


Summer Halibut

This citrusy recipe brings out the distinctive sweetness of Pacific halibut, a tender and lean fish that's great for light summer meals. Sponsored by Pasco Seafoods.

See more recipes
Species Range
Pacific Halibut range Source:
Alaska halibut
Hirame (sushi)
Lingcod by Hook and Line Apr 01 - Nov 15
Pacific Halibut by Hook and Line Mar 16 - Nov 07
Salmon Troll - T'aaq-wiihak Aboriginal Fishery Aug 01 - Aug 31
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Lingcod by Hook and Line>, <License: Pacific Halibut by Hook and Line>], 'gear': <Gear: Bottom Longline with Hooks>}

Bottom Longline with Hooks

This fishery uses a bottom longline that is baited with hooks and anchored to the ocean floor. A longline can be from 1 to 3 miles (1.6 to 5 km) long and have up to 2,000 hooks.


{'fisheries': [<License: Californian Pacific Halibut by Rod & Reel>], 'gear': <Gear: Rod and Reel>}

Rod and Reel

This fishery uses a rod, reel and lure or baited hook trailed behind a vessel at low speed to catch fish. Each fish is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


{'fisheries': [<License: Washington Hook-and-Line Trolling>], 'gear': <Gear: Hook and Line Troll>}

Hook and Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon Troll - T'aaq-wiihak Aboriginal Fishery>], 'gear': <Gear: Aboriginal Hook & Line Troll>}

Aboriginal Hook & Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

Ahoy there!

Sign up for quarterly updates, news and upcoming exclusive offers.

Name Email