Traceable Species

Kole Tang

Spotted Surgeonfish, Goldring Surgeonfish, Yellow-eyed Kole Tang, Striped Bristletooth, Bristletooth Tang

Kole Tang

The Kole Tang is a marine reef fish that lives in the Central and South Pacific. It is important in recreational and subsistence fishing, and is one of the most commonly speared fish in Waikiki. 

The Kole Tang has a brown color with light blue to yellow horizontal stripes over its body which change into spots towards the face. It also has a vividly yellow area surrounding the eye, sometimes leading to it being known as the yellow-eyed tang. Among native Hawaiians, the kole is particularly esteemed as luau fare due to its abundance and ease of capture. As with most surgeonfishes, this species is fried whole until crispy.

Kole Tang

Not much is known about the life cycle of the Kole Tang. Males mature at approximately 14.5 cm, and grow significantly larger than their female counterparts. 

Food Info Kole Tang


Color: clear, light pink flesh  
Texture: soft and moist flesh
Flavor: delicate, mild sweet taste
Perfect serve: most commonly fried, baked, or sautéed. 

Species Range
Kole Tang range Source:
Spotted Surgeonfish
Goldring Surgeonfish
Yellow-eyed Kole Tang
Striped Bristletooth
Bristletooth Tang
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Hawaiian Spearfishing>], 'gear': <Gear: Spearfishing>}


Spearfishing has been used throughout the world for millennia. Early civilizations were familiar with the custom of spearing fish from rivers and streams using sharpened sticks, and it is still practiced today in many areas of the world. Today, spearfishing may be done using compressed gas pneumatic powered spearguns, or spearguns and slings while free-diving, snorkelling or scuba diving; although, spearfishing while scuba diving is illegal in some countries.


Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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