Traceable Species

Iceland Scallop


Icelandic Scallop, Arctic Scallop, Hotate (sushi), Haneskjell (Norwegian), Hörpudiskur (Icelandic),

Iceland Scallop

Iceland scallops are known for their iconic shape, a fan-like shell with fluted grooves. Unlike its giant sea scallop cousin which can propel itself by expelling jets of water, the Iceland scallop attaches itself to rocks on the seafloor in shallow waters. They are plentiful in sub-arctic waters off Newfoundland, Labrador and Quebec in Canada, Iceland, Greenland, Norway, and in the Barents Sea off Russia.

This bi-valve mollusk has a reddish-pink upper shell and white or cream-coloured lower shell. Ten-year-old scallops measure between 6.5 and 8.5 cm in height with the largest measuring 16 cm. The scallop is revered for its sweet, delicious flavour and melt-in-the-mouth texture.

Iceland Scallop

While the giant sea scallop grows quickly reaching reproductive maturity at the age of two, the Iceland scallop is much slower growing. It reaches maturity between five and seven years. It typically lives on a hard seafloor consisting largely of sand, gravel, shell fragments, and stones at depts of 15 to 80 metres. These filter feeders depend on strong currents rich in phytoplankton and small zooplankton for nourishment. They are broadcast spawners with males and females releasing millions of eggs and sperm. Spawning is triggered by warm water and hormonal cues typically between April and August, depending on the area. They grow mostly in the spring and early summer months.

Food Info Iceland Scallop


TASTING NOTES

  • Colour: opaque white to pale beige to creamy pink
  • Texture: very fleshy meat which is lean and firm in texture
  • Flavour: A sweet, mild taste
  • Perfect serve: Scallops are particularly popular as an appetizer, often wrapped in bacon and quickly grilled. To make the most of the distinctive sweet flavour of scallops, pan sear them quickly till just brown and slightly crusty on the outside and still tender in the middle. Serve with a light, not overpoweringly flavoured, sauce: lemon-butter or white wine and herb come to mind. Be careful not to overcook them as they toughen up easily.

FEATURED RECIPE

Tartare de pétoncles aux fraises

Par Chef Franco Parreira | Photo : Guy Beaupré

See more recipes
HOW TO CHOOSE A QUALITY ICELAND SCALLOP
Species Range
Iceland Scallop range Source: Fishbase.org
COMMON NAMES
Icelandic Scallop
Arctic Scallop
Hotate (sushi)
Haneskjell (Norwegian)
Hörpudiskur (Icelandic)

FISHERY OPENINGS
Icelandic Scallop - North Shore Apr 06 - Nov 29
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Icelandic Scallop - North Shore>], 'gear': <Gear: Digby Dredge>}

Digby Dredge

Fish harvesters drag a tow bar attached to metal chain-link baskets along the seafloor to catch sea scallops.

FISHERIES:

Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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