Traceable Species


Tailor, Shad, Snapper, Baby blues, Choppers, Elfs, lufar


Bluefish live in temperate and tropical waters around the world with the exception of the eastern Pacific. They are a popular recreational fish along the U.S. Atlantic coast, ranging from eastern Florida to Maine. They can grow to more than 30 pounds (14 kg), gather in large schools and are aggressive feeders.

Bluefish have a bluish green back and silvery sides and underbelly. They have a broad, forked tail, a spiny first dorsal fin, a pointed snout and a prominent jaw, with sharp, compressed teeth. Fillets have a rich, full flavour and coarse, moist texture. Since they prey on small, oil-rich fish, older bluefish tend to have a stronger flavour. 


Bluefish are common in pelagic waters on continental shelves around the world. They can be found along the U.S. Atlantic coast, Africa, the Mediterranean and Black Seas, Southeast Asia and Australia. They often migrate from warm to cooler waters in the summer months. In the United States, bluefish are found off Florida in the winter months and by June can be found in New England waters. They mature at two years, when females can lay between 400,000 and 2 million eggs. They spawn in the open ocean, where larvae develop into juveniles and then migrate to estuaries and near-shore habitats. Bluefish can live up to 14 years and grow to more than 30 pounds (14 kg). They are voracious feeders whereby large schools attack forage fish near the surface, churning the water in what is called a “bluefish blitz.” They feed on squid, menhaden and other small forage fish.

Food Info Bluefish


  • Colour: a light putty colour to blue-gray with a brownish tinge; lighter when cooked.
  • Texture: coarse, moist fillets with edible skin.
  • Flavour: rich, strong flavour; larger fish have stronger flavouring.
  • Perfect serve: Given its rich, strong flavour, bluefish nicely complements acidic ingredients like lime, lemon and tomato. Simply brush a fillet with mustard or mayonnaise and broil it. Large fish are typically too oily to be fried.
Species Range
Bluefish range Source:
Baby blues
Bluefish by Bottom Trawl (USA) Jan 01 - Dec 31
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Bluefish by Rod & Reel (USA)>], 'gear': <Gear: Rod and Reel>}

Rod and Reel

This fishery uses a rod, reel and lure or baited hook trailed behind a vessel at low speed to catch fish. Each fish is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


{'fisheries': [<License: Bluefish by Bottom Trawl (USA)>], 'gear': <Gear: Bottom Trawl>}

Bottom Trawl

This fishery uses a large cone-shaped net that is dragged along the seafloor to catch fish. As the net is towed at low speed, hydrodynamic forces push two "otter boards" outwards opening the mouth of the net and capturing fish in its path.


Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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